Voynich manuscript

The Voynich manuscript is an illustrated handwritten book written in a writing system that has never been recorded before in human history. By calculating the age with radioactive carbon, it was determined that the Voynich manuscript appeared around the beginning of the 15th century (stage 1404-1438) [3] and may have been written in Northern Italy during the Easter period. manic The manuscript is named after Wilfrid Voynich, a Polish book dealer who bought this manuscript in 1912. [4] The entire manuscript is written on calfskin. [3] Despite a few pages missing, there are still more than 240 pages of books saved. The language in the manuscript is written from left to right, most pages have illustrations or charts. Some pages are foldable sheets.

The Voynich manuscript is studied by many professional and amateur cryptographers, including British and American cryptographers. [5] However, so far no one has succeeded in deciphering the messages written in the manuscript, and it has become the most mysterious manuscript in the history of human code. The mysteries encompassing the meaning and origin of the Voynich manuscript evoke and stimulated the curiosity and imagination of many people, making it a subject of exploitation in many novels. In the past 100 years, no hypothesis given to this manuscript has been validated by researchers. [6] Many people believe that the Voynich manuscript is simply a trick and doesn’t mean anything at all.

The Voynich manuscript presented by Hans P. Krauss to Yale University’s Beinecke library in 1969, the reference code of the manuscript at the library is MS 408. [7] [8] People can access the high-resolution scanned version of the manuscript on the library’s website for free.

The manuscript has a size of 23.5 multiplied by 16.2 by 5 centimeters (9.3 multiplied by 6.4 by 2.0 in), with over two hundred pages of parchment divided into 18 books, a total of 240 manuscripts page, but the exact number of pages depends on how unusual the sheets are. [9] The books are numbered from 1 to 20 in different positions, using the appropriate digits for the 15th century. In the top right corner of each page are numbered 1 to 116, using the digits later date. From the interruptions in numbering at the books and pages people guessed that in the past, the full manuscript had at least 272 pages divided into 20 books, some of which were lost before Wilfrid Voynich obtained the draft in 1912. [7] There is evidence that many of the manuscripts of the manuscript have been interchanged many times in its history, and the original location may be very different from today. [10] [11]

According to the analysis, quill pen and pinch ink are used to write and draw contours of illustrations; color paint is added (slightly rough) to the image, perhaps later. [11]

Although it is a manuscript manuscript, scientists claim that there is no misspelling or misspelling in the Voynich manuscript. This proves that the author has carefully considered the book before putting the pen. The topic in the book is also diverse and rich with many images of astrology, medicine and creatures … Many people believe that this may be the work of Franciscans and Great doctor Roger Bacon.
Is the book a “play”? [12]
When “settling down” at the Yale University house, the Voynich Manuscript becomes the most precious book here thanks to its puzzlement. According to researcher Gordon Rugg, some common words are repeated many times. To better understand the nature of the book, Rugg has used both the Elizabethan intelligence technique.

Mr. Rugg discovered that the Voynich manuscript was extremely easy to understand thanks to a manufacturing coding system around 1550, named Cardan. Applying the Cardan script with the syllables in the Voynich manuscript, Rugg created a language with many characteristics that overlap with the language on the book. According to Rugg, just 3 months, he could create a complete book based on Voynich.

Rugg stated: “The author of the book certainly used Cardan to play Rudolph II. I guess the one who wanted to play Rudolph II was Edward Kelley, a good blacksmith, a magician. Probably between Kelly and Rudolph, there was a great feud, both of them seemed to be the archenemy of each other, and in 1584 he went to Prague to see Rudolph and perhaps not. beyond the purpose of selling the book.

With a criminal in prison like Kelly, there’s no problem creating such a book. Moreover, Rudolph is a relatively gullible and crazy man with antiques, so it is understandable for Kelly to give thanks to Rudolph. “

However, it is still entirely a Rugg researcher’s judgment, there is no evidence that this is a prank or a study of strange plants that once existed on the left. land.

After 10 years of negotiating efforts with Yale University, Siloe Publishing House in northern Spain