Taiwan (Chinese characters: 臺灣 or 台灣; Simplified Chinese characters: 台湾; Pinyin: Rewān; Wade-Giles: T’ai-wan; Taiwanese: Taiwan) is an island in the East Asia, off the southeastern mainland of China, southern Japan and northern Philippines. The word “Taiwan” is also often used to refer to the territory controlled by the Republic of China (THDQ), including Taiwan islands (including Lan Tu and Luc Dao islands), and Peng Ho archipelago in the strait. Taiwan, Kinmen and Ma Toi off the coast of Fujian, and the ROC also controlled Thai Binh and Dong Sa Islands in the South China Sea.
Taiwan’s main island was also called in some Western languages, Formosa until the 1960s (Portuguese sailors called it Ilha Formosa, meaning “beautiful island”), east of the border. to the Pacific Ocean, to the south by the East Sea, to the west by the Taiwan Strait and to the North by the East China Sea. The island is 394 km long and 144 km wide, composed of steep mountain ranges and covered by tropical and subtropical flora.
Taiwan is an independent country separated from mainland China and by capitalist politics. Taiwan is a country with developed economy and industry.
Taiwan has many large science and technology corporations, multinational corporations, which have made Taiwan’s economy superior in East Asia.
Prehistoric times and the first settlers
Archaeological evidence suggests that humans had a presence in Taiwan dating back 30,000 years ago, although the first residents of Taiwan may not have shared the same origin with any of the existing ethnic groups. now on the island. About 4,000 years ago, the ancestors of Taiwanese aborigines today settled in the island. These people have genetic characteristics close to the South Island peoples and have relatives of Malays, Indonesians or Filipinos and with both Polynesians in the eastern Oceania today, and linguists Learning to classify their languages belongs to Nam Dao linguistics.
There are many differences in bibliography from ancient China showing that Han people may have known the existence of the Taiwan coup since the Three Kingdoms Period (230 CE), and divided the islands away from this Chinese coast. into the Great Bridge (Taiwan) and Little Bridge (probably the Ryukyu Islands of Japan today). The Han people began settling in the Penghu archipelago in the 1200s, but they encountered resistance from indigenous tribes, in addition to the island’s aboriginal people without good goods or special products. to be able to trade, but yet
“Occasionally there are adventurers or fishermen who exchange goods” until the XVI century.
European colonization of Taiwan.
In 1594, a Portuguese ship saw the island of Taiwan and named it Ilha Formosa, meaning “beautiful island”. In 1624, the Dutch established a trading base in Taiwan and began sending Han laborers from Fujian and Peng Ho and many of them settled in the island. The Dutch built Taiwan into a colony with the capital of Tayoan (now An Binh, Tainan). Both Tayoan and the name of Taiwan are derived from a Siraya word, the language of one of the Aboriginal tribes. The Dutch army gathered in a fortress called Fort Zeelandia. The Dutch colonists also began searching for the star deer (Cervus nippon taioanus) on the island and eventually made the species extinct in Taiwan. However, this contributed to the identity of Indigenous tribes on the island. In 1626, the Spaniards set foot on the island and occupied North Taiwan and established a commercial base. The colonial period of the Spaniards lasted 16 years until 1642.
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